Black History on The Great Trail of Canada

Jacqueline L. Scott of Black Outdoors is a PhD student at the University of Toronto and an avid wilderness lover who leads various hiking and cycling groups in the Toronto area. She spoke to us about her favourite destinations for day trips along The Great Trail in Toronto and just outside the city, as well as the Black history sites along the way.

Accessibility by transit from urban areas is key to Jacqueline and most other urban Canadians who do not drive. Over 80% of Canadians live close to The Great Trail, where they can feel connected with the rest of Canada. However, 13% of Canadians do not drive and need to be able to access green spaces easily by transit. Luckily, getting to scenic spots on The Great Trail is easy; either by finding a Trail section that runs through your city or taking transit for a day hike or cycling journey.

Oakville: Key stop on the Underground Railroad

Oakville is 30 minutes from Toronto via the GO Train, which allows cyclists to transport their bikes. The town was a key stop on the Underground Railroad. Jacqueline took a group to Oakville with their bikes and they cycled all the way back to Toronto on the Waterfront Trail, which she describes as an “easy, breezy ride with a flat route and no hills.”

St. Catharines: Harriet Tubman

According to Jacqueline, Harriet Tubman is the “face of the Underground Railroad” and her presence is evident throughout the city of St. Catharines, on the western shore of Lake Ontario. She is also one of Jacqueline’s inspirations for researching Black history in the Canadian wilderness; without her wilderness survival skills, Tubman wouldn’t have been able to make her trips across the border, some of which were made in harsh winter conditions.

“There’s a magnificent statue of her at Harriet Tubman School and national historic plaques all over the town,” says Scott. The Salem Chapel is where Tubman regularly attended church, and visitors can still see it today.  

Niagara-on-the-Lake: Key stop on the Underground Railroad

While most people know Niagara-on-the-Lake as part of Ontario Wine Country, there is extensive Black history in the area. Since it was a major stop on the Underground Railroad, it was once home to a large Black population.

Jacqueline recommends cycling along the Niagara River on The Great Trail into Niagara-on-the-Lake. Along that route and in the town itself, you can follow plaques that detail the lives of prominent Canadian Black historical figures such as Richard Pierpoint and Chloe Cooley. GO Transit buses run to Niagara College for those who do not drive.


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